August, 2008. Work in progress.
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Links and literature


NEWS about major discoveries from the official website of Dr. Zahi Hawass on
The Upuaut-project 1991-93. A well illustrated report by Rudolf Gantenbrink about exploration of
the "air"-channels.
Wikipedia - The Great Pyramid is a very useful source with facts and references. is a very big and free photo archive, covering much more than pyramids.
Created by Jon Bodsworth. Do not miss information and charm in the "Historical archive".
Pyramids and Temples of Gizeh,1883, by William M. Flinders Petrie. Website by Ronald
Birdsall with an excellent presentation of the entire book and with ongoing proofreading.
Determination of the Exact Size and Orientation of the Great Pyramid at Giza,1925, J.H. Cole.
Egyptologist - a list of famous egyptologists with some photos is found here on
Created by Jimmy Dunn.


2007. Giza Reports. The Giza Plateau Mapping Project...

2006. How the Great Pyramid was built, Craig B. Smith...

1997. The Complete Pyramids, Mark Lehner. Lehner is an egyptologist who has done a
number of excarvations on the Giza Plateau in cooperation with Zahi Hawass, the enthu-
siastic director and ambassador of Egyptian Antiquities. Lehner is the leading experts on
Egyptian pyramids. Among many great acheivements was the discovery of cooking areas
and the quarry from where a vast part of the blocks used at Giza were brooken. The book
is mainly a catalog of pyramids with a lot of most wellcomed and needed drawings. The book
is a necessity of life for pyramid passionates! The hugely popular book is translated into
many languages and probably your own.

1981. Paper(?): Neue messerungen der Grosse Pyramide (New mesurements on the Great
Pyramid), J. Dorner. Oline here.

1925. Report: Determination of the Exact Size and Orientation of the Great Pyramid at Giza,
J.H. Cole. The survey was done on request from the egyptologist Ludwig Borchardt (1863-1938).
Measures by Cole of the outer dimensions, reported in meters, and orientation are often used
and stated. On this website, Petrie's measurements, converted to meters, are preferred.
Online here.

1883. Pyramids and Temples of Gizeh, William Matthew Flinders Petrie (1853-1942). Petrie in late 1930's. From, 06-2008
Online at with an excellent presentation and
proofreading. A reprint of the 1883-edition can be purchased, but read
the note by R. Birdsall on the website before purchase.
Petrie conducted an extensive 9 month survey on Gizeh/Giza in 1881
and 1882 and published a vast number of measurements and comments.
in the book. Measurements on the Pyramid of Khufu, both outer and inner,
has never been surpassed. You will find almost any relevant measures
and comments of which several are about measurements by Piazzy
Smyth in 1864-65. Petrie is often discribed as "the father of archaeology".
Perhaps mainly due to later works on dating by stratigraphy.

1880. Our Inheritance in the Great Pyramid, 4th edition, Charles Piazzi Smyth (1819-1900).
Smyth was the Astronomer-Royal of Scotland from 1846 to 1888 with a strong christian
conviction. His view on the pyramid was founded by the christian Englishman John Taylor
(1781-1864) who in 1859 published The Great Pyramid - Who built it and why was it built?
In their view, the pyramid was built by a christian tribe immediately after the Biblical
Flood about 2.500 B.C. The purpose was to hand over eternal knowledge, given by God,
about standards for length, volume, weight, and much more, to mankind. Other pyramids
were later and poore plagiates created by pegan Egyptians. A view in strong contrast to
views of egyptologists. But Smyth should get credit for a number of unique plates and many
valuable comments on historical sources.

1837. Operations carried on at the Pyramids of Gizeh in 1837, Richard William Howard Vyse