July, 2008.

Sarcophagus in Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops)

Sarcophagus in the Burial Chamber
The badly vandalised sarcophagus in the Burial Chamber, and the lid has never
been found. Originally position of the sarcophagus in the Chamber is not known.
Made of red granite from a quarry at Aswan. Photo:

Sarcophagus' dimensions

Taphole in sarcophagus One of three holes visible on the lesser damaged
topside of the sarcophagus. Probably for taps in
the lid. Photo:

From antiquity and until the 19th century, the sarcophagus has been measured many times
and discribed in exaggerated measures and wrong materials. Today misinformation is still
given, even in reference books, about colour and size, such as it is black and too small to
contain a person. On the drawing above is placed a 175 cm tall male, and it's obvious that the
sarcophagus with ease can contains a middle-size male. There is even space for the wooden
coffin one must presume Khufu got with him in the sarcophagus.

The sarcophagus is made of red granite from a quarry near Aswan, 700 km south of Giza.
From Aswan it was transported 900 km by boat. If the density is 2.7 for the granite, the hollow
out weight must have been about 3.12 tons and without the missing lid. Walls and cieling in the
Burial Chamber is made of the same red granite as the sarcophagus.

It has signs of hastyness. Petrie found clear and visible grooves after - and probably - a saw
and several traces after indisputable mistaken sawing. It is not quit solved how and with which
kind of tools the granite was shaped. Petrie discovered that the sarcophagus had to be placed
in the Burial Chamber before it was finished, as it is 2.5 cm too wide to pass the narrowing in
in the bottom (northend) of the Ascending Corridor.

Sarcophagus too wide

The sarcophagus is badly vandalised by numerous blow with stone in order to give an im-
ressive tone. In addition, hunters for souvenirs has removed a big part of a corner.

It is today positioned close to the westwall of the Burial Chamber and opposite the entrance
but the original position is not known. A possibility, mentioned by Lehner, is that the sar-
cophagus was positioned in the N-S centerline as seen on the drawing below.

Sarcophagus relative to center